Posted by: Valentino Radman | June 17, 2011

Porta di Terraferma, Zadar

Porta di Terraferma (The Land Gate) at port Foša in Zadar, Croatia are one of the Zadar’s landmarks from 16th century. At the beginning of that century Zadar was the last and most important stronghold at the borders of Venetian Republic and Ottoman Empire, so Venetians took great deal of efforts to build new fortification system around town. One of the product of that works would be Land Gate, which was once the main (actually – the only landward) entrance to the city of Zadar. Porta Terraferma ranks among the most monumental Renaissance edifices in the Eastern Adriatic and still stands sentinel over the Eastern entrance to the old city. Surrounded on three sides by the sea, and here by a deep moat, the city of Zadar was for centuries impregnable. The lion of St Mark “marks” this gate out as having been built in Venetian times. It was designed in the 16th century (completed in 1543.) by the Veronese architect Michele Sanmicheli. In the bombardments during the Second World War entire blocks of Zadar’s old city were destroyed, but some structures  – like this gate – fortunately survived.

Above is the painting of Porta di Terraferma done by Croatian artist Ferdo Quiquerez in 1875 – the moot and the bridge were still there. Below is drawing by American artist Ernest Peixotto, from 1900 or so, and eastern entrance to the old city as it looks now.

 

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